What is Coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are known to cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).
Coronaviruses are named for the crown-like spikes on their surface.
“SARS-CoV-2 – the novel coronavirus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 or well known as COVID-19.”
What is SARS / MERS?
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus called SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV).
Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a viral respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus (Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, or MERS‐CoV) that was first identified in Saudi Arabia in 2012.
Based on what is currently known about the novel coronavirus and similar coronaviruses that cause SARS and MERS, mainly transmitted through droplets generated when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks.
These respiratory droplets can travel between people who are in close contact; therefore, it is important to maintain a physical distance of at least 1 meter apart.
Current evidence suggests that novel coronavirus may remain viable for hours to days on surfaces made from a variety of materials.
Cleaning of frequently-touched surfaces followed by disinfection is a best practice measure for prevention of COVID-19 and other viral respiratory illnesses in households and community settings.